The Kingdom of Bhutan is a small landlocked country located in the southern foothills of the Himalayan mountain range, sandwiched between China in the north and India in the south. It is a sovereign nation, with a total land area of 38,394 km² and a total population of about seven hundred thousand (700,000). The climate in Bhutan is extremely varied, which can be attributed to two main factors-the vast differences in altitude present in the country and the influence of North Indian monsoons. Due to Bhutan’s location and unique geographical and climatic variations, it is one of the world’s last remaining biodiversity hotspots and only carbon negative in the world. While Bhutan is one of the smallest countries in the world, its cultural diversity and richness are profound. As such, strong emphasis is laid on the promotion and preservation of its unique culture. By protecting and nurturing Bhutan’s living culture it is believed that it will help guard the sovereignty of the nation. Economists all over the world have argued that the key to happiness is obtaining and enjoying...material development. Bhutan however, adheres to a very different belief and advocates that...amassing material wealth does not necessarily lead to happiness. Bhutan is now trying to measure...progress not by the popular idea of Gross Domestic Product but through Gross National Happiness.